The two most common payments made by a company to its management or employees are a service fee to a management board member (juhatuse liikme tasu) and a salary (töötasu). There is a difference in the relations between an Estonian private limited company (OÜ) and a management board member and those between the company and…

A special feature of the Estonian tax system is that company profit is not subject to corporate tax, providing it is reinvested rather than distributed as dividends. Corporate Income Tax The standard corporate income tax rate is 20% (calculated as 20/80 of the net dividend received). From 1st January, 2019, based on Chapter 5, Paragraph…

Source documents for accounting transactions A company’s everyday activity can involve various transactions, such as the purchase or sale of goods or services, payments to staff, receiving or granting of loans, payment of taxes, penalties and loan interests. In accounting, any commercial action by a company is to be duly formalized as a bookkeeping entry….

Electronic trade In recent years, electronic trade has gained widespread acceptance and currently includes: Online sales of physical goods and services, as well as sales of digital products (downloadable music, e-books, downloaded virtual products, and games); Electronic banking and insurance services; Online auctions; Electronically supplied telecommunication services; Remote development and servicing of programs and equipment;…

Alongside a legal address requirement, since 15th January 2018, all Estonian companies whose management board members are located abroad must appoint a contact person in Estonia. Who and what is a contact person? Commercial Code §  631. Contact person in force from 15th January 2018 (1) An undertaking, including a foreign company that has a…

Declaring the Ultimate Beneficial Owner in the E-Business Register Starting from 1st September 2018, all legal entities in Estonia are required to submit information on their Ultimate Beneficial Owners as per the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act of 2017. You can read more about Beneficial Ownership Disclosure in Estonia here https://hshaus.com/beneficial-ownership-disclosure/ The obligation…

Starting from 1st September 2018, all legal entities registered in the Estonian Business Register are required to submit information on their Ultimate Beneficial Owners (Actual Beneficiaries) as per the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act 2017. Full text in English here: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/517112017003/consolide The obligation to disclose beneficial ownership applies to all types of legal…

Other than the most popular form of incorporation in Estonia, a Limited Liability Company (OÜ), it is worth considering the registration of a Non-profit Organization (MTÜ), if the activities of an entity are neither solely business-related nor for-profit, but involved in development, education, sports and raising public awareness. An MTÜ is a union between at…

As a result of the amendments to the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act enacted by the Parliament of the Estonian Republic in November 2017, companies registered in Estonia will have to submit information on the Beneficial Owner (Actual Beneficiary) to the Commercial Register Information System. This measure is in line with the EU’s…

Estonian tax law considers e-residents as non-residents. Therefore only their income derived in Estonia is taxable, with income originating from other countries not being subject to Estonian tax laws. In terms of taxation, a non-resident in Estonia is a private individual who spends less than 183 days in Estonia within any consecutive 12 months, which…